GARNET

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BIRTHSTONE: January

ORIGIN: Garnet is formed in metamorphic rocks created by heat and pressure. Most commonly recognized by its fiery red color, garnets can also be orange, pink, and most rare, green. Color variations occur by shifts of color composition.

HISTORY: Garnet is named after the ancient greek word [granatum], meaning pomegranate seed. Garnet is often found adorning necklaces of the pharaohs of Egypt entombed for the afterlife, as well as in ancient Roman signet rings. Garnet spanned the middle ages and was favored by clergy and nobility.

FASHION: Garnet is a luxurious gemstone loved throughout the world and is said to promote healing, strength, romance and passion. It is often exchanged between friends ensuring someday they will meet again. Garnet is a special gemstone to add love to every style.

FORMATION: Garnet is formed in metamorphic rocks created by heat and pressure. Most commonly recognized by its fiery red color, garnets can also be orange, pink, and most rare, green. Color variations occur by shifts of color composition.

CLEANING & CARE: Garnets can easily be cleaned at home with warm soapy water. An ultrasonic cleaner may be used on garnets without fractures. A steam cleaner should not be used to clean garnet.

TREATMENTS: Most garnet is untreated keeping its fiery red color. Demantoid, a form of garnet, is the only garnet heat-treated to improve color.

MOH'S HARDNESS : 6.5 - 7.5 Scratch resistance through the ability of a harder material to scratch a softer material.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY: 3.47 - 4.15 The relation between the density of any substance and the density of water.

REFRACTIVE INDEX:  1.714 - 1.888 The ratio of the velocity of light in a vacuum to its velocity in a specified medium.

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